JEE Main 2020 Syllabus: Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics

Last Updated on by Arindam Moitra

NTA has released the JEE Main 2020 Syllabus which comprises of three papers, Paper-I for B.E/B. Tech, Paper-II for B.Arch and Paper-III for B.Planning. Paper-I includes 3 subjects: Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as cumulative syllabi of all the state boards in India. Paper-II consists, Mathematics, Aptitude, and Drawing. Paper-III comprises of questions based on Mathematics, Aptitude, and Planning. To start the preparation for JEE Main, the basic step is to understand the JEE Main syllabus for each subject and to delineate the important topics in each subject.

Paper I consists of 75 objective type questions, with 25 questions from each subject (Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics) and per-question carrying 4 marks. Out of the 25 questions from each subject, 20 will be MCQs (Multiple Choice Questions) and the remaining 5 will be numerical value questions. The student needs to understand the break-up of the syllabus to effectively utilize his/her time for JEE Main preparation. Here you will find the break-up of the JEE Main syllabus of each subject as well as tips and advice on what topics to focus on based on previous year’s question papers. 

JEE Main syllabus consists of three sections.

  1. Physics
  2. Chemistry
  3. Mathematics

Download JEE Main Syllabus for Paper 2  from here.

JEE Main Syllabus: Physics

There are two sections:

Section A is designed from the theoretical concept having 80% weightage and section B is designed from the practical activity manual having 20% weightage. Candidates must be familiar with the numeric theoretical observation and practical based observations. The implementation of the activity-based numerical has made the section though.

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Section A: JEE main syllabus from class 11 and class 12

  1. Physics and Measurement
  2. Kinematics
  3. Laws of Motion
  4. Work, Energy, and Power
  5. Rotational Motion
  6. Gravitation
  7. Properties of Solids and Liquids
  8. Thermodynamics
  9. Kinetic Theory of Gases
  10. Oscillations and Waves
  11. Electrostatics
  12. Current Electricity
  13. Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
  14. Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
  15. Electromagnetic Waves
  16. Optics
  17. Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
  18. Atoms and Nuclei
  19. Electronic Devices
  20. Communication Systems

Section B: Practical based learning

  1. Experimental Skills

The JEE Main syllabus involves testing the activity-based knowledge. The candidate just needs to revise all the activities they have done in class 11 and class 12. It is all designed on the basis of the class 12 syllabus. The activity-based question can come from Young’s modulus, heat capacity, the viscosity of liquids, etc.

JEE Main Syllabus: Chemistry

Parameters set for Chemistry are fairly high. But for JEE Main, you cannot miss a topic from the syllabus defined below, as everything becomes important. The difficulty level appears from moderate to tough depending upon the kind of questions. The practical questions designed for activity-based modules are difficult. The syllabus is divided into the following sections:

Section A: Physical Chemistry

  1. Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry
  2. The States of Matter
  3. Atomic Structure
  4. Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
  5. Chemical Thermodynamics
  6. Solutions & Equilibrium
  7. Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry
  8. Chemical Kinetics
  9. Surface Chemistry

Section B: Inorganic chemistry

  1. Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
  2. General Principles and Process of Isolation of Metals
  3. Hydrogen
  4. s – Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)
  5. p – Block Elements
  6. d – and f – Block Elements
  7. Co-ordination Compounds
  8. Environmental Chemistry

Section C: Organic Chemistry

  1. Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry
  2. Hydrocarbons
  3. Organic Compounds Containing Halogens
  4. Compounds(Organic) Containing Oxygen
  5. Carbon Compounds Containing Nitrogen
  6. Polymers
  7. Bio-Molecules
  8. Chemistry in Everyday Life
  9. Principles Related to Practical Chemistry

JEE Main 2020 Syllabus: Mathematics

JEE Main Mathematics syllabus comprises of class 11 and class 12 topics. The difficulty level of the exam loops in because of the tricky questions that involve the implementation of concepts from various chapters. The syllabus is as follows:

  1. Sets, Relations, and Functions
  2. Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations
  3. Matrices and Determinants
  4. Permutations and Combinations
  5. Mathematical Induction
  6. Binomial Theorem
  7. Sequences and Series
  8. Limit, Continuity, and Differentiation
  9. Integral Calculus
  10. Differential Equations
  11. Coordinate Geometry
  12. Three Dimensional Geometry
  13. Vector Algebra
  14. Statistics and Probability
  15. Trigonometry
  16. Mathematical Reasoning

JEE Main Syllabus (Class wise)

As both the 11th and 12th Standard curriculum is taken into consideration, here is the JEE Main syllabus according to both classes.

Class 11th Syllabus

Unit, dimension, measurementPeriodic table and propertiesLogarithms and related expressions
KinematicsMole conceptCompound angles
Newtons laws of motionNomenclature of organic compoundsQuadratic equations and expressions
Circular motionChemical bondingSequence and progression
Work, power, energyGaseous stateTrignometric functions,equations,inequations
Momentum and collisionElectronic displacement effectSolutions of triangle
Centre of mass and InertiaAtomic structureStraight line and pair of lines
Rotational dynamicsIsomerismCircles
Elasticity, Calorimetry, Thermal expansionRedox and equivalent conceptsPermutation and combination
Ktg and thermodynamicsChemical and ionic equilibriumBinomial Theorem
Simple Harmonic MotionChemical kineticsSets, relations, functions
Mechanical WavesNuclear chemistry (radioactivity)Mathematical induction and reasoning
Fluid Mechanics

Class 12th Syllabus

Physics Chemistry Mathematics
Geometrical Optics Halogen Derivative Limit, Continuity, Derivability
Wave Optics Co-ordination Compounds Method of differentiation
Electrostatics Aliphatic Hydrocarbons Indefinite Integral
Gravitation Aromatic Hydrocarbons Definite Integral
Current Electricity Liquid Solution & Surface Chemistry Application of Derivatives
Capacitance Metallurgy Determinant & Matrices
Magnetic Effect of Current & Magnetism Alcohol & Ether Vectors
Electromagnetic Induction & AC Phenol 3-dimensional geometry
Nuclear physics and radioactivity Solid State Probability
Dual nature of matter and radiation Qualitative Analysis Differential Equation
Electronic devices Carbonyl compounds Area under curve
Communication systems s, p, d & f block elements Parabola, Ellipse, Hyperbola
Errors in Measurements & Instruments Thermodynamics & Thermochemistry Complex Number
  Electrochemistry Statistics
  Carboxylic acids & its derivative  
  Practical Organic Chemistry

Important topics

The list of important topics in the domain of physics, chemistry, and mathematics with percentage weightage, from their respective syllabi, is as follows:

Unit name Percentage weightage Expected number of questions
Units and Dimensions 2 1
Measurement of Errors 2
Vectors Not defined
Kinematics 1 1-2
Newton’s Laws of Motion 4
Work, Energy and Power 5 2-3
Electrostatics 6
Current Electricity 7
Wave Optics 5
Ray Optics 6
Centre of Mass, Momentum and Collision 5 2 – 3
Rotational Dynamics 4
Simple Harmonic Motion 5
Fluid Mechanics 2-5
Wave Motion and String Waves 5
Magnetism 6
Heat & Thermodynamics 5
Nuclear Physic 5
Modern Physics 5
Circular Motion 1 3-4 questions with mix and match of formulae from these headings
Gravitation 1
Properties of Matter, Elasticity 2
Sound Waves
Electromagnetic Induction 3
Alternating Current Variable
Heat Transfer Variable
Calorimetry Variable
Thermal Expansion Variable
Semiconductors and Electronic Devices 5
Communication Systems 2

On average, the number of questions asked from the various important topics in Physics is:

Chapter name The average number of questions
Current Electricity8
Heat and Thermodynamics2
Law of Motion2

Important topics in Mathematics:

Unit name Percentage weightage Expected number of questions
Inverse Trigonometric Functions 2 1-2
Circles and Family of Circles 6
Sequence and Series 5
Applications of Derivative 4 3-4
Limit and Continuity 3
Matrices and Determinants 4
Straight Lines and Pair of Straight Lines 2
3-D Geometry 5 2-3
Probability and Statistics 7
Vector Algebra 5
Integration 8
Complex Numbers 5
Parabola 3
Trigonometric Ratios 3
Logarithms 1 3-4
Quadratic Equations
Theory of Equations 5
Sets, Relations, and Functions 4
Differentiation 2
Permutation and Combination 2
Binomial Theorem 1
Hyperbola 2
Ellipse 2
Fundamentals of Mathematics variable
Solution of Triangle 1

The average number of questions asked from important topics in the previous years:

Topic name Number of questions
Coordinate Geometry7
Continuity/ Differentiability, Limits3
Complex No., Quadratic Equation3
Integral Calculus3
Sequence and Series2

Important topics for Chemistry in JEE Main Syllabus

Most important questions: These are forming the base of most of the questions, so they are the highlights of the JEE Main syllabus.

  • Chemical Bonding & the periodic table
  • Carbonyl Compounds & their derivatives
  • Redox reactions, Mole Concept & the concept of equivalents
  • Solid-state, solutions & gases theory
  • Thermochemistry & the Second Law of Thermodynamics

List of important topics in chemistry with their weightage:

Nature of Question

Unit name


Fundamental Concepts IUPAC Nomenclature Variable
Chemical Bonding Variable
Periodic Table 5%
Important (high score areas) Mole Concept 2
Co-ordination Chemistry  5
Alcohol, Phenols and Ethers  7
p-Block elements 5
Important (high weightage) Atomic Structure 5
Gaseous State 3
Hydrocarbons 2
Aldehydes and Ketones 5
d & f Block Elements 5
General Organic Chemistry 7
Other topics (less important) Chemical Equilibrium 3
  Ionic Equilibrium 3
Thermodynamics 5
Hydrogen and its Compounds  
s-Block Elements 5
Isomerism of Organic Compounds Variable
Environmental Chemistry Variable
Solid State Variable
Chemical Kinetics Variable
Electrochemistry 2
Solutions Variable
Qualitative Salt Analysis Variable
Alkyl Halides and Aryl Halides Variable
Carboxylic Acids and their derivatives Variable
Amines 2
Biomolecules  1
Polymers Variable

The average number of questions asked from the important topics, out of the JEE Main syllabus:

TopicNumber of Questions
Transition Element and Coordination Chemistry3
Periodic Table and Representative Elements3
Gaseous State2
Atomic structure2
Solution and Colligative Properties2
General Organic Chemistry2
Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives1
Carbohydrate, Amino Acids and Polymer1

Best books to prepare for IIT JEE Main Exam: NCERT books of class 11 and class 12 are the best to start with the preparation. The in-depth study of the concepts is done from the book and to learn formulae. The reference books best to study the JEE Main syllabus are as follow:

Book name- authorPublisherISBN code
Concepts Of Physics 1 –HC VermaBharati Bhawan (P & D8177091875
Concepts Of Physics 2-HC VermaBharati Bhawan (P & D)8177092324
Challenger Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics for JEE Main & Advanced (11th edition)- Er. Deepak Agarwal, Dr. J. B. Yadav, Er. Anoop SrivastavaDisha Publication9789385576492
Understanding Physics Optics & Modern Physics for IIT JEE 1st Edition (English, Paperback- Dc Pandey)Arihant 9788188222131
A Textbook Of Organic Chemistry For Jee Main & Advanced 8 Edition (English, Paperback, Dr. R K Gupta)Arihant9789352031184
Wiley’s J.D. Lee Concise Inorganic Chemistry for JEE (Main & Advanced), 2017ed 1 Edition (English, Paperback, Sudarsan GuhaWiley India Pvt Ltd9788126548750
modern approach to chemical calculations (English, Paperback, R. C. Mukherjee)BHARATI BHAWAN PUB.& DIS.9788177096415
Objective Mathematics (Two Vol Set) 4/e PB (Sharma R D)DHANPAT RAI PUBLICATIONS9789383182169

Preparation tips

Well, the best way to prepare for the JEE Main Exam is consistent practice. The performance can be enhanced by dedicating more hours to self-study. Some handy tips are:

  1. Make a timetable for self-study
  2. Create a breakup of the JEE Main syllabus, wrt. the topics
  3. Start preparing immediately after class 10 boards are over.
  4. Start working within the time frame.
  5. Take help from the seniors in problem-solving.
  6. Make notes of all the important topics, especially which appear lengthy.
  7. Take breaks to keep yourself fresh.
  8. Analyze your strengths and weakness.
  9. Subscribe to a newsletter to get all updates on the paper trends.

Never get disheartened during practice time. Keep coming back to the practice

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