Important formulas for JEE Main which can be helpful for the exam

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JEE Main 2020 has started and aspirants are rating the exam as moderately tough. JEE Main syllabus is vast and there is limited time that you can devote to the entrance because of class 12th boards. So, in addition to working hard, you also need to work smart for JEE Main. In this article, you will get JEE Main important formulas that will help to you simplify preparation.

JEE Main 2020 paper 1 analysis is now available. Click here to read.

JEE Main Paper 1 has 3 sections- Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics. As per the trend of this year, you cannot judge which section carries maximum weightage. Aspirants found Physics to be the toughest section. Hence, you have to prepare all topics thoroughly for the exam. Read Physics important derivation here.

Pro Tip: Do written practice of JEE Main important formulas atleast 3 times before the exam.

As per the toppers, you must complete your NCERT books first and then maintain a separate notebook where you have subject-wise formulas. This will make your revision easier. In this article you will get JEE Main important formulas from all subjects.

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Here we have sorted out the top 50 JEE Main important formulas which can be helpful for the exam from all 3 subjects- Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. When students prepare for JEE Main, they find Physics as the toughest subject due to the long derivations.

JEE Main Important Formulas

Importance of JEE Main formulas

When you are preparing for the exam, you need to have handy notes to simplify the preparation. When you keep your focus on the concepts, you can attempt any question based on those concepts. In such situations, JEE Main important formulas help in the following ways-

  • Simplifying calculations
  • Making preparation better
  • Saving time in exam
  • Reducing mistakes

Read detailed JEE Main paper analysis of last 4 years

JEE Main Important Formulas for Mathematics

  1. The general form of Complex numbers x + is where x is Real part and y is an Imaginary part.
  2. Sum of nth root of unity is zero
  3. Product of nth root of unity (–1)n–1
  4. Cube roots of unity are 1, ω, ω2
  5. |z1+z2|<=|z1|+|z2|; |z1+z2|>=|z1|-|z2|; |z1-z2|>=|z1|-|z2|
  6. If three complex numbers z1, z2, z3 are collinear then,

[z1 z1 1

z2 z2 1

z3 z3 1] = 0

  1. If ΣCosα = ΣSinα = 0, ΣCos2α = ΣSin2α = 0,
  2. ΣCos2nα = ΣSin2nα = 0,
  3. ΣCos2α = ΣSin2α = 3/2
  4. ΣCos3α = 3Cos(α + β + γ),
  5. ΣSin3α = 3Sin(α + β + γ)
  6. ΣCos(2α – β – γ) = 3,
  7. ΣSin(2α – β – γ) = 0,
  8. a3 + b3 + c3 – 3abc = (a + b + c) (a + bω + cω2) (a + bω2 + cω)
  9. Standard form of Quadratic equation is ax2 + bx +c = 0 Sum of roots = -b/a, product of roots discriminate = b2 – 4ac If α, β are roots then Quadratic equation is x2 – x(α + β) + αβ = 0
  10. Number of terms in the expansion (x+a)n is n+1
  • Any three non coplanar vectors are linearly independent

A system of vectors ā1, ā2,….ān are said to be linearly dependent if there


At least one of xi ≠0, i=1, 2, 3….n

And determinant = 0

  1. Torque: The torque or vector moment or moment vector M of a force F about a point P is defined as M = r×F where r is the vector from the point P to any point A on the line of action L of F.
  2. a,b,c are coplanar then [abc]=0
  3. If i,j,k are unit vectors then [i j k] = 1
  4. If a,b,c are vectors then [a+b, b+c, c+a] = 2[abc]
  5. (1 + x)n – 1 is divisible by x and (1 + x)n – nx –1 is divisible by x2
  6. If nCr-1 nCr nCr+1 are in A.P (n–2r)2 =n + 2

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JEE Main Important Formulas for Physics

  1. The energy of electric dipole is given by U = – p.E.
  2. The energy of a magnetic dipole is U = – μ .B C.
  3. Electric Charge : Q = ± ne (e = 1.60218 × 10-29 C)

SI unit of Electric Charge is Coulomb (C)

  1. Coulomb’s Law : Electrostatic Force (F) = k[q1q2/r2]

and, in Vector Form : →F=k(q1q2)×→r/r3 where,

q1 and q2 = Charges on the Particle,

r = Separation between them,

→r = Position Vector,

k = Constant = 14πϵ0=8.98755×109Nm2C2

  1. Electric Current : The current at Time t : i=limΔt→0 ΔQ/Δt= dQ/dT

Where Δ Q and Δ T = Charges crosses an Area in time Δ T

SI unit of Current is Ampere (A) and 1A = 1 C/s

  1. Average current density: →j=Δi/Δs

j=limΔs→0 Δi/Δs=di/dS , j=Δi/ΔScosθ

Where, Δ S = Small Area, Δ i = Current through the Area Δ S, P = Perpendicular to the flow of Charges, θ = Angle Between the normal to the Area and the direction of the current.

  1. Kirchhoff’s Law: Law of Conservation of Charge: I3 = I1 + I2
  2. Resistivity : ρ(T)=ρ(T0)[1+α(T−T0)]

Resistance: R (T) =R (T0) [1+α (T−T0)] where,

ρ (T) and ρ (T0) = Resistivity at Temperature T and T0 respectively,

α = Constant for given material.

  1. Lorentz Force : →F=q[→E+(→v×→B)] where,

E = Electric Field, B = Magnetic Field, q = Charge of Particle, v = Velocity of Particle.

  1. Magnetic Flux: Magnetic Flux through Area dS = ϕ=→B⋅d → S= B⋅dS Cos θ where, d→S = Perpendicular vector to the surface and has a magnitude equal to are Ds, →B = Magnetic Field at an element, θ = Angle Between →B and d→S, SI unit of Magnetic Flux is Weber (Wb).
  2. Straight line Equation of Motion (Constant Acceleration):




  • Gravitational Acceleration Equation of Motion:

S.No Motion In Upward Direction Motion In Downward Direction
A. v=u−gt v=u+gt
B. y=ut−1/2gt2 y=ut+1/2gt2
C. −2gy=v2−u2 2gy=v2−u2
  • Projectile Equation of Motion:

Horizontal Range (R) = u2sin2θ/ g

Time of Flight (T) = 2uSinθ/ g

Maximum Height (H) = u2sin2θ/ 2

Where, u = initial velocity, v = final velocity, a = constant acceleration, t = time, x = position of particle.

  • Universal Law of Gravitation

Gravitational force →F=G[Mm/r2]^r where,

M and m = Mass of two Objects, r = separation between the objects, ^r = unit vector joining two objects, G = universal Gravitational Constant [G=6.67×10−11N⋅m2/Kg2]

  • Work Done by Constant Force

Work Done (W) = →F⋅→S=∣→F∣ ∣→S∣ cosθ, Where, S = Displacement along a straight line, F = applied force, θ = Angle between S & F. It is a scalar quantity and the Dimension of work is [M1 L2 T-2], SI unit of Work is joule (J) and 1J=1N⋅m=Kg⋅m2/ s2

  • Kinetic Friction:

fk = µk · N

Maximum Static Friction (Limiting Friction): fmax = µs · N, where, N = Normal Force, µk = Coefficient of Kinetic Friction, µs = Coefficient of Static Friction.

  • Simple Harmonic Motion:

Force (F) = – k x and k = ω2 m

where, k = Force Constant, m = Mass of the Particle, x = Displacement and ω2 = Positive Constant.

JEE Main Important Formulas for Chemistry

  1. T(K)=T(⁰C) + 273.15
  2. Molarity (M)= No. of Moles of Solutes/ Volume of Solution in Liters

Unit: mole/ L

  1. Molality (m)= No. of Moles of Solutes/ Mass of solvent in kg
  2. Molecualr Mass= 2x vapor density
  3. Atomic number= No. of protons in the nucleus = No. of electrons in the nucleus
  4. Mass number= No. of protons + No. of neutrons
  5. C= vλ
  6. Boyle’s Law: P1V1 = P2V2 (at constant T and n)
  7. Charle’s Law: V1/ T1 = V2/ T2 (at constant P and n)
  8. Enthalpy: H = U + pV
  9. First Law of Thermodynamics: ΔU = q + W
  10. Ohm’s Law: V = RI where, R = ρ ι/a
  11. Faraday’s First Law of Electrolysis

M = Zit

M = mass of substance deposited

Z= Electrochemical Equivalent

I = current,

t= time

Z= Atomic Mass/ n x F

  1. Faraday’s Second Law of Electrolysis

M1/ M2 = E1/E2 , where E = equivalent weight

  1. Freundlich Adsorption Isotherem [x/m]-Kp (1/n); n>=1
  2. General Electronic Configuration: ns1-2

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